1. Nalanda University
The University was established during the 5th century A.D. The university is considered the first residential university ever in the world. The university stands proof for the prominent role played by India in imparting knowledge. The university had 2000 teachers who taught over 10000 students from all parts of the world.
2. Bodhi Tree
Buddha achieved enlightenment under this tree and hence it is a pilgrim center for Buddhists who hail from all parts of the world. On your visit to Bodhi Tree, you will find Maha Bodhi Temple, which is sacred to those who follow Buddhism. The architecture of the temple goes to show the richness and grace of Indian architecture.
3. Muchalinda Lake
Muchalinda Lake acquires the name after Shesh Naga or the Snake King Muchalindawho protected Buddha during a storm while he was into the sixth week of meditation. Muchalinda protected Buddha from the rising waves and in honor of his services; the place was named after him.
4. Griddhakuta Peak
Griddhakuta Peak is famously known as the vulture peak. Located in Rajgir, the peak resembles the shape of vulture and it is frequented by vultures in great numbers. Buddha delivered some of his famous sermons here and hence it is considered sacred for Buddhists. The steps formed by cutting rocks lead you to two caves that are naturally formed.
5. Hot springs in Rajgir
Hot springs in Rajgir are famous tourist spots. Located at the foot of Vaibhava Hills, the springs get their water from Saptadhara, which passes behind Saptaparni Caves. The hot springs are considered to possess medicinal properties.
6. Navlakha Palace
Situated in the town of Rajnagar near Madhubani in Bihar, the palace was built in the17th century A.D. by Maharaja Rameshwar Singh of Darbhangha. It suffered extensive damage caused by an earthquake in 1934, and sadly wasn’t rebuilt after. Situated near thekamala river is a marble temple of the goddess kali, and it’s still widely visited, another temple of the goddess Durga forms an integral part of the palace, and is still in operation, also known as the Rajnagar palace complex, it’s one of the major tourist attractions in Mithila and people come to visit all year round.
7. Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall
Built in memory of the famous Chinese scholar and traveler Hieun Tsang, the construction is rich in architecture. Hieun Tsang spent more than 12 years in this place on his visit to India. This was the place where Hieun Tsang learnt yoga under the guidance of Acharya Shil Bhadra. The famous traveler has thrown light on medieval India and Nalanda, which are found in the memorial hall.
8. Jalmandir Temple
Jalmandir Temple is situated in the middle of a lake, which is full of lotuses. King Nandivardhan, who was the elder brother of Lord Mahavira is said to have constructed the temple. The temple is in the shape of a Vimana. The place where Lord Mahavira attained Samadhi and the place he was cremated are marked in the temple. The 600 ft long bridgemade of stone connects the temple to the banks of the pond.
9. Patna Museum
Patna Museum was constructed in 1917. The building is a blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture. The museum houses archaeological objects, paintings, sculptures and images by artists belonging to Hinduism and Buddhism. The museum also has a 200 million old fossil of a tree. At 12 noon every day, you can view picture source associated to culture. You will find the museum to provide information on the culture and tradition of the place.
Vaishali or Vesali was an ancient city, the capital of Lichhavis and the Vajjian Confederacy. During Buddha’s time Veshali was a very large city, rich and prosperous. Vaishali was also an important city for the Jainas as it was the workplace of last Jain Tirthankar Mahavira, also known as Niganthas. It is believed that of the forty two rainy season in his ascetic life, he spent the twelve rainy season at Vaishali. Vaishali was also the residence of Kandaramasuka and Patikaputta.
Still we feel the state is under explored…! Explore more and add places into the the list.