Bihari Raja Narayan Singh, who rebelled against early eastablishment of British in India in the year 1781

Raja Chait Singh of Ramnagar(Varanasi) rebelled against the early eastablishment of British in India in the year 1781. Many of the Jamindars of Bihar  were sincerely attached to him .On the 29th of August1781, Mr. Grome, the Collector of Saran, reported on the rebellion in his division.                                                                                                          

Raja Narayan Singh, Jamindar of Siris and Kutumba in Aurangabad(Bihar) offered great support to the rebellion of  Raja Chait Singh of Ramnagar(Varanasi) , in his territory, against the British in 1781.Raja Kooli Khan, formerly the Aumil of Sasaram, was at that time wth Pitambar Singh, of the family of the Tikari Raj, who was also  intimately connected with Chait Singh, and his dependants were remarkably good soldiers. He had also a number of horsemen in his pay.
Major James Crawfurd’s regiment  marched at the end of August,1781 from  Chitra, in order to effect a junction with Major Moses  at Buxar. On his arrival at Sherghaty, he was directed by the British Govemor-General to take post in the vicinity of Bidjigurh, apparently in order to intercept Cheyt Singh’s troops from Ramnagar(Varanasi).Narain Singh,the Raja of Siris and kutumba, of Aurangabad, was directed to provide boats to cross the river Sone. He, however, denied to provide the boats to the British troops and went with his followers to Pawai, where he had a fort and, thereafter, to the fortress of Ramnagar at the foot of the hills. Major Crawfurd,  changing his route from Sherghaty, made forRohtas , where Narain Singh had collected a large body of matchlock men( matchlock men were likely to be in the service of less well-equipped armies) to resist his progress. 
Hanging House of Rohtas
Hanging House of Rohtas

At Marabah he was joined by Bechu Singh, Cheyt Singh’s Fouzdar, with a force estimated at 15,000 strong. The Argoor pass was
occupied by Bechu Singh’s force, and Narain Singh posted himself at the foot of that pass with 1,500 matchlock men, intending to dispute the passage of the british troops. Major Crawfurd, hearing of this arrangement, quitted the Argoor road and made for the Kowreah pass.

Major Crawfurd , marching from Ramgarh on the 6th Marqh 1782, arrived at Bolaunja and secured the passes of the hills and occupied the fords of the Sone. He then marched into Siris Kutumba; but Raja Narain Singh ddn`t met him and went towards theRohtas mountain .Since a company of  British sepoys was posted at Tilouthoo on the opposite bank of the river, he did not cross the river sone. The Raja went to Powai and assembled 300 or 400 men and went towards the Barauli jungles. He remained there three or four days.The Raja’s brother, Ram Singh, had gone with the Major. The Major sent Azimullah, with four or five horsemen, 20 peons, and two of Ram Singh’s men, to the Raja, that he might either be brought to him or go to Patna. The Raja, on receiving intelligence of this, left the jungles of Beroolie before their arrival, and went towards Korona, without meeting Azimullah. He took neither the road to Ticcary, which was upon the right hand, or the road to Terak, on the left, but struck into the jungles and went to Powai, from where he proposed going to Patna. He prevented himself to overtaking him by Major Crawfurd by going straight to Patna and delivering himself up to Mr. Brooke.,as the Raja then said to Aumil Kareem Ali Khan, he had no time to raise a large body of men.
Mr. Ross on the 10th October 1781 summed up the case against him thus : —
Raja Narain Singh, who betrayed and showed every mark of disaffection to Major Crawfurd while our affairs bore an unfavorable aspect. He most subtlety evaded supplying the Major with boats to cross the Sone on his march from Chitra ; and In steed of joining and giving him the necessaries to expedite his march, he fled repeatedly before him, with a party of some hundred men, and showed not the least inclination to join in the support of the Company’s interest.” 

Mr. Charters, in his letter to the Governor-General and Council, dated 27th May 1782, in reporting the arrest of Narain Singh, and in submitting the proofs against him, remarked ” I flatter myself the above papers will fully justify the arrest of Narain Singh, and though, perhaps, they do not carry a direct proof of acts which might affect the life of the zamindar, yet I apprehend they contain evidence of rebellion sufficient to disqualify him from again exercising the office of zamindar, or from acquiring a situation in which he can at any future period disturb the peace of that district which, though at present in perfect tranquility, would again fall into confusion if Narain Singh received a footing in it”

The proceedings of the Provincial Council at Patna exhibit many instances of disobedience and refractory conduct of the Jamindar. In addition to the above crimes against British Government, Narain Singh was also made accused of murder by one Bhairo Singh, an inferior jamindar of Siris- Kutumba, who had lodged his petition of complaint in the Fauzdari Court at Patna. 
The rebellious conduct of Narain Singh had resulted to an order of discontinuing him to the office of jamindar in Siris -Kutumba and Raja Narain Singh was  sent as State prisoner to Dhaka on the 5th of March 1786.
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