The city rests on the southern bank of the Ganges. The Mahatma Gandhi Setu, one of the longest bridges in the world at 7.5km, crosses the Ganges, 5 km to the west of the city. It is the capital city of Bihar, an important business centre in eastern India and more significantly, is the gateway to the Budhist and Jain pilgrim centres of Bodhgaya, Nalanda, Vaishali, Rajgir and Pawapuri.
The list of points or talking just about one city, the great city with multilayered history, is non other than Patna.
This excellent museum contains metal and stone sculptures dating back to the Maurya and Gupta periods, terracotta figures and archaeological finds from sites such as Nalanda. It also houses the world’s longest fossilised tree, 16 metres Tall and 200 million years old.
This amazing beehive shaped building was built in 1786 by Captain John Garstin at the instigation of the British administrator Warren Hastings. Standing at about 25 metres, with steps winding around the outside to the top, from where one gets a good view of the city and the Ganges.
The remains of Pataliputra as well as the ancient capital of Ajatasatru, Chandragupta and Ashoka have been uncovered here.
This is one of the holiest Sikh shrines in the state. Built entirely of white marble, it marks the place where Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th and last of the Sikh gurus was born in 1660.
Built on the foundations of Sher Shah’s fort, Qila House(Aka Jalan museum) contains an impressive private collection of anitques.
Khuda Baksh Oriental Library
Founded in 1900, this library has a renowned collection of very rare Arabic and Persian manuscripts, Mughal and Rajput paintings.
Non Hindus are welcome to this modern temple dedicated to the popular god Hanuman. At night this place lits up in garish pink and neon.
This heavy domed masjid as built by the Afghan ruler Sher Shah in 1545 and is the oldest mosque in Patna. Other mosques include the Pathar ki Masjid and the Riverbank Madrassa.
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Established in 1969 as a Botanical Garden, this park has been developed as Biological Park since 1973. The park is classified as one of the 16 large zoos in the country. The park has more than 300 species of trees, herbs and shrubs. The zoo has more than 70 species of animals. There are more than 800 animals in the zoo. This park also has an Aquarium and a Snake House.
Other places of interest in Patna are: Bihar Institute of Handicrafts and Designs, Birla Mandir, Nawab Shahid-Ka-Maqbara, Pachim Darwaza and Padri-Ki-Haveli.