The education is vital investment for human and economic development and is influenced by environment within which it exists. The era of education started with Nalanda- the ancient site of learning. 2,000 teachers and 10,000 students from all over the Buddhist world lived and studied at Nalanda, the first Residential International University of the World. It was founded in 5th century at the southeast of Patna, the capital city of Bihar. Although Nalanda is one of the places distinguished as having been blessed by the presence of the Buddha, it later became particularly renowned as the site of the great monastic university of the same name, which was to become the crown jewel of the development of Buddhism in India.
Nalanda flourished under the patronage of the Gupta Empire as well as emperors like Harsha and later, the rulers of the Pala Empire. At its peak, the school attracted scholars and students from as far away as Tibet, China, Korea, and Central Asia. It was very likely ransacked and destroyed by an army of the Muslim Mamluk Dynasty under Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1200 CE.
Knowledge is embedded in each and rock of Nalanda, and each of them tell us about its authenticity. People from all over the world used to visit Nalanda for studies and even for the library. It is evident from the large numbers of texts that Yijing carried back with him after his 10-year residence at Nalanda, that the Mahavihara must have featured a well-equipped library. The exact number of volumes in the Nalanda library is not known. But it is estimated to have been in the hundreds of thousands. The library not only collected religious manuscripts but also had texts on such subjects as grammar, logic, literature, astrology, astronomy, and medicine.
To revive the ancient centre of learning at Nalanda, the Nalanda International University is established in Rajgir, near Nalanda. It held its first academic session on September 1, 2014 with 15 students including five women. Initially set up in temporary facilities, a modern campus is expected to be finished by 2020.